This September 2 to 4, the “Third High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness” will be held in Accra, Ghana. This meeting will bring together ministers from over 100 countries, and heads of bilateral and international financial institutions from around the world.  We join our voices with other movements and civil society organizations that have expressed issues and concerns regarding the process, agenda and outcome of this Forum. In addition to the recommendations endorsed in the common civil society position paper, we present the following calls and challenges:

1. JUSTICE and REPARATIONS should be the starting point of Aid. The strategic vision should be to end the Aid regime.

Aid-giving takes place in the context of the reality of the big divide between a few rich nations and the many who are impoverished. This reality is the result of a history of colonization, history that persists in the unequal economic and political relations between countries and the exploitation by the North of the South.

Even as it is already acknowledged internationally that rich countries, global corporations and the world’s elite bear the greater part of blame for the climate change -– the northern governments must acknowledge that they bear a major responsibility for poverty and intensifying inequality.

Aid-giving should not be falsely premised on charity. Total aid flows today, and even if it were to reach 0.7%, is not enough to pay for reparations and restitution for historical and ecological debts of the north to the south. It is but a small amount compared to the flow of wealth and resources from the South to the North. Aid should begin with the acknowledgement of responsibility and with the intent of justice, reparations and restoration.

Governments of the South should regard aid as a temporary source of inflows. The strategic vision should be to end the aid regime, build strong, sustainable, equitable and sovereign economies, and establish a just global economic order.

2. Debt cancellation is a major requisite for  “Aid Effectiveness”.  Aid should not exacerbate the burden of Debt.

It is appalling that the problem of the Debt is largely absent from the discourse on Aid Effectiveness.

The Enhanced HIPC and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative have not resolved the problem of the Debt. Instead new debts are being accumulated. Even the best intentioned aid cannot be effective as long as many countries from Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific continue to lose huge amounts of much needed resources to debt servicing.

Loans constitute a big part of AID flows and add to the already huge debt stocks claimed from many countries in the South. Many of these loans bear interest. While the interest rates are below market and come with some grace period, these nevertheless increase the outward flow of resources from the countries of the South and add to their fiscal burdens. We assert that Aid in the form of loans cannot effectively address and indeed only worsen poverty, gender inequality and the crises of food, energy and climate.

3.  Illegitimate and odious debt must be addressed.

There is growing international recognition of the problem of illegitimate and odious debts – debts that were tainted with fraud, corruption and irregularities, debts that were used to finance harmful projects and policies, debts that involved violation of laws and regulations, debts that were used to advance the interests of the lender to the gross disadvantage of the borrowing countries.  Studies are now revealing that a number of these questionable and onerous debts were incurred as part of ODA and other forms of Aid.

The issue of illegitimate and odious debt strikes at the core of the notion of Aid Effectiveness – it points to the processes and nature of aid transactions, the terms and conditions of aid, the purposes and actual impacts of aid.  Not only must illegitimate debts be cancelled – the structures, policies, practices and the power imbalances that breed illegitimate debt must be addressed.

4.  Effective development -- the eradication of poverty, the delivery of social services, the promotion of social equity, human rights, gender equality, sustainable jobs and livelihoods, food sovereignty, environmental security and climate justice –  must be at the center of the discourse

Aid should be measured in terms of the results it brings to the lives of people for whom it is intended.  
The “how” of aid delivery and management (transparency, accountability, etc) while important – becomes irrelevant if the more fundamental question of the real objectives and impacts of aid are evaded. The Forum in Accra must ask and debate what have been the actual impacts of aid and who benefited.

It must be clearly demonstrated how eradication of poverty, the delivery of essential services such as water and the realization of education for all, the promotion of social equity, human rights, gender equality, sustainable jobs and livelihoods, food sovereignty, environmental security and climate justice – will be effectively addressed.

5.  Democratic process demands that people’s organizations, social movements, trade unions NGOs and other citizens’ groups be recognized as independent development actors and be accorded a major role in processes concerning  development policy and Aid.


All governments must ensure the meaningful participation and engagement of people’s organizations, social movements, trade unions NGOs and other citizens’ groups (especially of the poor and socially excluded) in the formulation of national development strategies, in the negotiation for aid and its uses, in the implementation of aid-funded projects, in oversight and accountability mechanisms.

6. Financing aimed at the CLIMATE CRISIS should not be in the form of loans, and should be managed through new democratic and accountable institutions.  Financing of environmentally destructive projects must stop.

Northern governments should finance programs in the South that enable impoverished and affected peoples and communities to deal with the impacts of climate change and facilitate the shift to sustainable and clean technologies and livelihoods -- as part of reparations and restitution for the environmental damage and destruction that their policies, economies and corporations have caused.

Recent pronouncements by northern governments that they will begin extending loans for climate change adaptation and mitigation programs are quite deplorable. Not only is this a form of denial of responsibility, it is adding to another problem – the debt burden.

Funds to address the climate crisis should not be placed under the control of international financial institutions that have played a role in exacerbating the crisis and have no credible track record in promoting genuine development, such as the World Bank. New international mechanisms that are democratic and accountable, and that include major representation of governments and civil society organizations from the South, must be established.

In addition, northern governments should stop funding projects and policies that are environmentally destructive, feed the climate crisis, and benefit only transnational corporations. It is condemnable that a significant amount of these funds are counted as part of “Aid flows.”

7.  Aid must be free of donor-imposed conditionalities.  Tied aid should be rejected.

While every contract will have terms of agreement that reflect mutual responsibilities and obligations intrinsic to the financial transaction   – conditionalities imposed by donors and lenders undermine the sovereignty of nations and peoples of the South and violate the principle of democratic governance.  In addition, there has been well documented evidence of the harmful impacts of many policy conditionalities and the grossly unfair and disadvantageous nature of other types of conditionalities that have come with loans and aid.

These harmful conditionalities have destroyed local agriculture and provoked the current food crisis, have weakened domestic economies and rendered South countries more vulnerable to the vagaries of the world market, have caused the loss of jobs and livelihoods and the shrinking of wages, have almost completely wiped out what little basic services are provided by South governments.

Aid-giving is not only exercised in the context of unequal power relations, it is being used as an instrument of power. And conditionalities are the most blatant expression of this fact.

Aid that is premised on justice, the righting of historical wrongs, the acknowledgement of responsibility for impoverishment and inequality, and the obligation to pay reparations and restitution; Aid that puts people at the center - the billions of excluded, marginalized, silenced, and disempowered, the majority of whom are women; Aid that does not come with conditionalities, vested interests and deception; Aid that upholds the sovereignty and rights of countries and peoples; Aid that is managed democratically and in a transparent and accountable manner... This is the only kind of aid that can be effective; this is the only kind of aid that is acceptable.

August 30, 2008


SIGNATORIES:

International and Regional Networks and Movements:
Jubilee South
Jubilee South – Asia/Pacific Movement on Debt and Development (JS APMDD)
ODA Asia Forum
Asian South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education (ASPBAE)
South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE)
LDC Watch
International Gender and Trade Network (IGTN) – Asia
Development Alternatives With Women For A New Era (DAWN) – Southeast Asia
Migrant Forum in Asia (MFA)
South Asian Network for Social & Agricultural Development (SANSAD)
Asia-Pacific Network for Food Sovereignty (APNFS)
Focus on the Global South (Thailand, Philippines and India)
Alternatives Asia
International South Group Network - Asia
NGO Forum on the ADB
GCAP SENCA
Africa Jubilee South
ActionAid International – Africa
AFRODAD
Jubilee South Americas
International Gender and Trade Network (IGTN) – Latin America
Marcha Mundial de las Mujeres de las Americas
European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD)
International Forum on Globalization
CADTM International
Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) - International
REMTE (Red Latinoamericana Mujeres Transformando La Economia)

National and Country Organizations and Movements:

Asia and the Pacific
Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC)- PHILIPPINES
ODA Watch - PHILIPPINES
Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM)- PHILIPPINES
Management and Organizational Development for Empowerment (MODE) - PHILIPPINES
Kalayaan! - PHILIPPINES
Sanlakas – PHILIPPINES
Solidarity of Filipino Workers (BMP) - PHILIPPINES
WomanHealth Philippines
Alternative Forum for Research in Mindanao (AFRIM) – PHILIPPINES
BISIG - PHILIPPINES
Sustainability Watch (SusWatch) Network - PHILIPPINES
Social Watch - PHILIPPINES
GCAP - PHILIPPINES
Integrated Rural Development Foundation of the Philippines, Inc. (IRDF) - PHILIPPINES
Philppine Network of Rural Development Institutes, Inc. (Philnet-RDI) - PHILIPPINES
Pambansang Kongreso ng Kababaihan sa Kanayunan (PKKK) – PHILIPPINES
SOLJUSPAX (Sol Justitiae Et Pax/Sun of Justice and Peace) – PHILIPPINES
Monitoring Sustainability of Globalisation (MSN) – MALAYSIA
NUBE - MALAYSIA
Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) - NEPAL
Indian Social Action Forum (INSAF) – INDIA
Kerala Independent Fishworkers Federation-Women Wing - INDIA
National Confederation of Officers’ Associations - INDIA
Human Rights Law Network - INDIA
Lok Sangharsh Morcham - INDIA
Alternatives/Badayl –Goa -  INDIA
Urban Research Centre – Bangalore -  INDIA
International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development (INFID) - INDONESIA
Anti Debt Coalition (KAU) - INDONESIA
NADI – INDONESIA
PLN Trade Union - INDONESIA
E-net for Justice – INDONESIA
KRUHA - INDONESIA
GCAP - INDONESIA
Migrant CARE (Indonesian Association for Migrant Workers Sovereignty) – INDONESIA
Equity and Justice Working Group (EJWG) – BANGLADESH
Unnayan Onneshan – BANGLADESH
VOICE - BANGLADESH
Banglapraxis - BANGLADESH
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum [PFF] - PAKISTAN
CREED Alliance - PAKISTAN
National Alliance of Movements - PAKISTAN
Anjuman Asiaye Awam - PAKISTAN
Bonded Labour Liberation Front – PAKISTAN
Anti-Privatization Alliance – PAKISTAN
Participatory Development Initiatives (PDI) - PAKISTAN
GCAP SRI LANKA
Sri Lanka United Nations Friendship Organization - SRILANKA
Movement for Land and Agricultural Reforms (MONLAR)- SRILANKA
Center for Environmental Justice – SRILANKA
Green Movement of Sri Lanka – SRI LANKA
Water & Energy Users’ Federation (WAFED) - NEPAL
Himalayan & Peninsular Hydro-ecological Network (HYPHEN) - NEPAL
Nepal Policy Institute (NPI) -NEPAL
Centre for Human Rights and Humanitarian Rights (CHRHL) - NEPAL
GCAP (Global Call to Action Against Poverty) - CHINA
IPeople’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD) - SOUTH KOREA
Jubilee Kyushu on World Debt and Poverty - JAPAN
Japan Network on Debt & Poverty - JAPAN
ATTAC JAPAN
Jubilee Australia - AUSTRALIA

Africa
Daughters of Mumbi Global Resource Center – KENYA
EcoNews Africa  - KENYA
Kenya Debt relief Network (KENDREN) – KENYA
Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC) - KENYA
African Forum on Alternatives - SENEGAL
ARCADE - SENEGAL
Center for the Promotion of Economic and Social Alternatives (CPAES) – CAMEROON
Action Aid CAMEROON
RNDD – NIGER
Foundation for Human Rights and Democracy - LIBERIA
FODEX – DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC of CONGO
GRAPR / NAD – DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC of CONGO
RD CONGO - DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC of CONGO
Centre du Commerce international pour le Developpement (CECIDE) – GUINEA
Oromiya Lawyers Association( OLA) – ETHIOPIA
Umzabalazo we Jubilee – SOUTH AFRICA
Jubilee SOUTH AFRICA
Centre for Civil Society Economic Justice Project, Durban - SOUTH AFRICA
Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD) - ZIMBABWE

Latin America and the Caribbean
Juan Yahdjian, Justicia y Paz e Integridad de la Creación (JUPIC) - ARGENTINA
Dialogo 2000 - ARGENTINA
Periódico El Espejo - ARGENTINA
Al Servicio de la Cultura Popular (SER.CU.PO) – ARGENTINA
Movimiento Nacional Campesino E Indígena-Via Campesina - ARGENTINA
Ecoportal.Net – ARGENTINA
FOCO (Foro Ciudadano de Participación por la Justicia y los Derechos Humanos) - ARGENTINA
Jubileu Sul Brasil - BRAZIL
Associacao Alternative Terrazul – BRAZIL
Mesa Global de GUATEMALA
Movimiento Tohally – ECUADOR
Asamblea Popular Parque Italia-Quito - ECUADOR
Ecuador Decide - ECUADOR
Bloque Popular - HONDURAS
Coordinadora Popular de Resistencia Popular de Honduras - HONDURAS
Coalition of Tendencies Clasista (CTC-VZLA) - VENEZUELA
Movimiento de Unidad Revolucionaria (MUR) – EL SALVADOR
Red Sinti Techan - EL SALVADOR
Jubileo Sur Mexico - MEXICO
Movimiento Mexicano de Afectados por las Presas y en Defensa de los  Ríos (MAPDER) - MEXICO
Red Mexicana de Afectados por la Mineria (REMA) - MEXICO
Colectivo Marea Creciente - MEXICO
Centro de Altos Estudios e Investigación Pedagógica – MEXICO
Red Mexicana de Acción frente al Libre Comercio (RMALC) – MEXICO
Asociación de mujeres profesionales por el desarrollo integral (AMPDI) - NICARAGUA
Movimiento Social Nicaraguense Otro Mundo es Posible - NICARAGUA
Centro de Estudios Internacionales Managua, Nicaragua  - NICARAGUA
Plataforma Descam (DD.HH.) - URUGUAY
Universidad Popular Joaquin Lencina – URUGUAY
PAPDA – HAITI

Europe
Debt and Development Coalition – IRELAND
CRBM – ITALY
FAIR - ITALY
Jubilee Debt Campaign – UK
Jubilee Scotland – SCOTLAND
Aktion Finanzplatz Schweiz – SWITZERLAND
Aitec / Ipam – FRANCE
Observatorio de la Deuda (ODG) – Barcelona - SPAIN
ALBA SUD - SPAIN
Comité de Solidaritat amb els Pobles Indígenes d´ Amèrica.-Barcelona - SPAIN
SLUG - The Norwegian Coalition for Debt Cancellation - NORWAY
CADTM – BELGIUM
VODO (Flemish Platform on Sustainable Development) – BELGIUM

North America
Jubilee USA Network - USA
Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns – USA
The Development Group for Alternative Policies (DGAP) - USA
 
Individuals
Eduardo Climaco Tadem, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Asian Studies, University of the Philippines Diliman
Dr. Walden Bello, Professor, University of the Philippines
Teodoro C. Mendoza, Ph.D., Professor of Crop Science, University of the Philippines Los Banos
Teresa Encarnacion Tadem, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Political Science, University of the Philippines Diliman
Verna Dinah Q. Viajar, Assistant Professor of Political Science , University of the Philippines Diliman
Emmanuel M. Luna Ph.D., Professor of Community Development, University of the Philippines Diliman
Dong sung, Kim, Korean Government Employees Union (KGEU), Korea
Dr. Dan Kasei, Professor, Hannan University, Japan
Yoko Kitazawa, Japan Network on Debt & Poverty, Japan
Junko Okura, Jubilee Kyushu / Attac Japan
Terao Terumi, Professor Emeritus at Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan
Inagaki Yutaka, ATTAC Japan
Gordon Lam, Chairman, Public Services Committee, HKCTU, Hong Kong
Sofuan Junaidi, PLN Trade Union - Indonesia
Hamong Santono, Coordinator, Koalisi Rakyat Untuk Hak Atas Air (KruHA), Indonesia
Hemantha Withanage - Executive Director, Centre for Environmental Justice, Srilanka
Sophea Chrek, Womyns Agenda for Change, Cambodia
W.R.Varada Rajan, Secretary, Centre of Indian Trade Unions, India
Sauquat Hussain - INDIA
Anil Sadgopal - INDIA
Alberto Acosta, Ecuador
Margarita Aguinaga, Colectivo Feminista, Ecuador
Ismael Vidales Delgado, Centro de Altos Estudios e Investigación Pedagógica, Mexico
Bibiana Del Brutto, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, UBA., Buenos Aires, Argentina
Graciela Ferrario, Argentina
Marie Memouna Shaba, Daughter of the Afrikan Revolution and CEO Khaya Afrika Co,  Tanzania
Bakary Fofana, Directeur, CECIDE Centre du Commerce international pour le Developpement, Guinea
Bishop Robert Mutemi Mutua, Kenya
Derek Hazelton, Manager TSE Water Services, South Africa
Rasigan Maharajh, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Professor Dennis Brutus, Jubilee South Africa, Durban, South Africa
Prosper Mamimami, FODEX/DRC, Niger
Maître Amadou Tiéoulé Diarra, Avocat, Senegal
Andrew Mushi, Department of Sociology, University of Birmingham
Eric Toussaint, President, CADTM Belgium

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